Wednesday, July 22, 2015

The Women who Power NASA’s New Horizons Mission to Pluto

Women make up approximately 25 percent of the New Horizons flyby team. The female team members were photographed at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory on July 11, 2015, just three days before the spacecraft’s closest approach to Pluto.

Kneeling from left to right: Amy Shira Teitel, Cindy Conrad, Sarah Hamilton, Allisa Earle, Leslie Young, Melissa Jones, Katie Bechtold, Becca Sepan, Kelsi Singer, Amanda Zangari, Coralie Jackman, Helen Hart. Standing, from left to right: Fran Bagenal, Ann Harch, Jillian Redfern, Tiffany Finley, Heather Elliot, Nicole Martin, Yanping Guo, Cathy Olkin, Valerie Mallder, Rayna Tedford, Silvia Protopapa, Martha Kusterer, Kim Ennico, Ann Verbiscer, Bonnie Buratti, Sarah Bucior, Veronica Bray, Emma Birath, Carly Howett, Alice Bowman. Not pictured: Priya Dharmavaram, Sarah Flanigan, Debi Rose, Sheila Zurvalec, Adriana Ocampo, Jo-Anne Kierzkowski.

Sunday, July 12, 2015

Panahon pa ni... Two Tagalog words that pertain to a time long ago.

Picture came from the Celistino Delfin Gaspar Family

The word "Panahon pa ng Kopong-kopong" is a Tagalog phrase which means "a very long time ago." The origin of the term "kopong" is an old Tagalog word for zero, so technically speaking, Panahon pa ng  Kopong-Kopong means 1900 and note the two "00" or "kopong." 

"Panahon pa ni Mahoma" means the time of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. Mahoma is an alternative spelling of Muhammad's name.

Yet, there are others who say that Mahoma means the Japanese General Masaharu Homma. So Panahon pa ni Mahoma means a time somewhere in the early 40's during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. 

Saturday, June 06, 2015


On the morning of June 5, 1944, U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower gave the go-ahead for Operation Overlord, the largest amphibious military operation in history. On his orders, 6,000 landing craft, ships and other vessels carrying 176,000 troops began to leave England for the trip to France. That night, 822 aircraft filled with parachutists headed for drop zones in Normandy. An additional 13,000 aircraft were mobilized to provide air cover and support for the invasion. By dawn on June 6, 18,000 parachutists were already on the ground; the land invasions began at 6:30 a.m. The British and Canadians overcame light opposition to capture Gold, Juno and Sword beaches; so did the Americans at Utah. The task was much tougher at Omaha beach, however, where 2,000 troops were lost and it was only through the tenacity and quick-wittedness of troops on the ground that the objective was achieved. This amphibious operation became the turning point for World War II in Europe. This famous battle is  called D-Day or the Invasion of Normandy.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

The word jazz came from baseball.

It starts 100 years ago with an obscure baseball player named Ben Henderson.

Henderson was a washed up pitcher with the Pacific Coast League with a reputation as an unreliable drunk, so his career never amounted to much. But back in 1912, he told a reporter about a new pitch he had developed, and became the first person known to use the word “Jazz.”

Computer Bug

In 1945, Grace Murray Hopper was working on the Harvard University Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator. On the 9th of September, 1945, when the machine was experiencing problems, an investigation showed that there was a moth trapped between the points of Relay #70, in Panel F. The operators removed the moth and affixed it to the log. (See the picture above.) The entry reads: "First actual case of bug being found."

Sunday, May 10, 2015

Mother's Day

The earliest history of Mothers Day dates back to the ancient annual spring festival the Greeks dedicated to maternal goddesses. The Greeks used the occasion to honor Rhea, wife of Cronus and the mother of many deities of Greek mythology. 


Friday, April 24, 2015

First YouTube video

On April 23, 2005, at 8:27 p.m., YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim uploaded the first YouTube video “Me at the zoo.”

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Titanic Trivia

It was 103 years ago ( April 12, 1912)  that RMS Titanic sunk together with 1500 souls at the depth of the Atlantic.

The Titanic was traveling between 21-23 knots (approx 26 miles an hour) when it struck the iceberg.

The cost of a first-class ticket on Titanic to New York was $2,500.

A third-class ticket at Titanic cost $40, which is approximately $900 in today’s currency. 

Saturday, April 04, 2015

Ever wonder why rabbits and eggs are connected with Easter?

Eoster (not Ishtar) has something to do with Easter. Ēostre or Ostara is a Germanic divinity who, by way of the Germanic month bearing her name (Northumbrian: Ēosturmōnaþ; West Saxon: Ēastermōnaþ; Old High German: Ôstarmânoth), is the namesake of the festival of Easter. 

Ēostre is attested solely by Bede in his 8th-century work The Reckoning of Time, where Bede states that during Ēosturmōnaþ (the equivalent of April), pagan Anglo-Saxons had held feasts in Eostre's honor, but that this tradition had died out by his time, replaced by the Christian Paschal month, a celebration of the resurrection of Jesus.

Thursday, April 02, 2015

Si Malakas at si Maganda

Legend has it that the first Filipino man and woman were born from a bamboo stalk. They both had brown skin and supple bodies. The man was named Malakas, or "Strong One"; the woman, Maganda, or the "Beautiful One."

In the beginning, there was only the sea, the sky and the air. The Goddess of the Sea and the God of the Sky were enemies and fought for centuries. The Sky God hurled thunder bolts, lightning and colossal boulders at the sea while the Sea Goddess fashioned pounding waves and swirling hurricanes that touched the sky.

The usually patient God of Air grew tired of the incessant fighting. He took the form of a beautiful bird and tried to get the Sea Goddess and the Sky God to reconcile with one another. Finally, the Gods made peace at the horizon- the place where the sea and the sky come together. Later they fell in love. A tiny seed born out of their love was planted on one of the magnificent boulders the Sky God had once thrown into the sea. From this seed a bamboo began to grow.

The bird who brought peace perched to rest on one of the thousands of boulders and saw the growing bamboo. Out of curiosity the bird pecked at it and the bamboo was split in two. A man and a woman sprang from the two pieces!

The man was named Malakas (meaning strong) and the woman was Maganda (meaning beautiful). Malakas and Maganda went on to have many children, grand children, great grandchildren and so on. The generations spread across the thousands of boulders that came to be known as the Philippines.

Wednesday, March 18, 2015


Baphomet is really a Christian invention in the 14th century. Baphomet is supposed to be the Lord of the Flies that the Knights Templar worship (that was the accusation the Catholic Church so they can persecute the Knights Templar). 

Also, the name "Baphomet" was a deformation of Muhammad's name. 

It was the French Mystic Alphonse Louis Constant AKA Eliphas Levi who created Baphomet. It was he who created the present form of Baphomet who looks like a bearded horned figure with pendulous female breasts, wings and cloven feet. It sits in a crossed-legged position which resembles statues of the Celtic stag god, Cernnunnus or the Horned One, found in Gaul (France) before the Roman occupation.

[Ref: The Occult Conspiracy by Michael Howard]

Aspirin: More than just your average drug

So you take it as a pain reliever or you give it to your kids if they’re sick – something like a chewable form drug, but  do you know that aspirin has more benefits than you have imagined?  Other than your usual drug for a headache and backache, this new “wonder drug” was discovered to be a good medicine to prevent tougher ailments. 

Vitamin C – The Wonder Vitamins

You’re maybe too familiar with Vitamin C, but may have underestimated its full potential. The good thing about it is that it is almost available in the fruits and vegetables that we eat.

Its health benefits were first demonstrated  when in 1740’s,  Commodore George Anson used it to fight scurvy on his sailors by feeding them fruits containing Vitamin C. Now, thanks to modern medicine, we can take Vitamin C in tables and liquid form.

What is Vitamin C?
Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid, or simply ascorbate (the anion of ascorbic acid) is a is a water-soluble vitamin found in almost all food. A vast majority of animals and plants are able to synthesize their own vitamin C, but unfortunately humans don’t have such ability. That is why we need to get our vitamin C on the food that we eat. 

Ascorbic acid structure

Vitamin C is known as an antioxidant. Now, an antioxidant is simply a molecule that prevents another molecule from oxidizing – that means it prevents your cells from oxygen damage. Exposure to oxygen can break the molecules and makes them unstable, which also affects your cells. That is why when you exposed a potato in the air after you peeled it, it becomes brown. These cells, which are damaged of oxidizing are what we call free radicals. 

The danger with free radicals is that they just don’t damage other cells, but they mutate them and then the damage cell grows abnormally and reproduces abnormally -- and quickly. These cause cancers and other serious ailments like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, arthritis, fibromyalgia, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s, and eye conditions like macular degeneration. It also causes premature ageing.
Antioxidants safely interact with free radicals and terminate the chain reaction before vital molecules are damaged.

Other Health Benefits
Though it cannot cure the common cold, Vitamin C can strengthen the immune system to avoid it from getting worst. 

There’s also some research that those people with the highest concentrations of vitamin C in their blood were associated with 42% lower stroke risk than those with the lowest concentrations. 
Vitamin C can also lower your chances to get cancer.

As an antioxidant, Vitamin C affects cells on the inside and outside of the body and it was discovered that higher vitamin C intakes were associated with a lower likelihood of a wrinkled appearance, dryness of the skin, and a better skin-aging appearance. 

Vitamin C can also prevent scurvy.

So, Where Do You Get Your Vitamin C?
The most obvious source of Vitamin C is the citrus fruits like oranges, lemons and calamansi, but you can also get them on the following vegetables and fruits: tomatoes, potatoes, papaya, melons and cantaloupe, mango, cabbage, red and green peppers, cauliflower, watermelons and those dark leafy, green vegetables.

Still the best source is a daily dosage of Vitamin C tablets. Don’t worry about getting over dose. Our body doesn’t store excess Vitamin C and at least 500 mg. is required, but still you have to remember that Vitamins are not to be considered as a wonder drug. They are just food supplements. The best is that you take a daily multivitamin, because most people don't get enough of several nutrients.

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

$3.5 Million Comics!

The 1st Edition of Superman (which was only 10 cents in 1938) WAS SOLD IN A WHOOPING $3.5 MILLION DOLLARS!!!

A copy of “Action Comics No. 1″ created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, and published in June 1938, features mild-mannered reporter Clark Kent in Metropolis and his crime-fighting alter ego, as well as other characters like Lois Lane.

The issue was put up for auction on eBay on Aug. 14, with parts of the final price going to the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation. Bidding began at $1 million.

Friday, February 13, 2015

The Last Peanuts.

On February 13, 2000, the day following Schulz's passing, the last ever Peanuts strip ran in papers. The strip began with Charlie Brown answering the phone with someone on the end presumably asking for Snoopy. Charlie Brown responded with "No, I think he's writing." The bottom panel consisted of the final daily strip in its entirety, reprinted in color, and included various Peanuts characters surrounding it. The very last strip consisted simply of Snoopy sitting at his typewriter in thought with a note from Schulz that read as follows:

Dear Friends,
I have been fortunate to draw Charlie Brown and his friends for almost fifty years. It has been the fulfillment of my childhood ambition.
Unfortunately, I am no longer able to maintain the schedule demanded by a daily comic strip. My family does not wish "Peanuts" to be continued by anyone else, therefore I am announcing my retirement.
I have been grateful over the years for the loyalty of our editors and the wonderful support and love expressed to me by fans of the comic strip.
Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Linus, can I ever forget them...
— Charles M. Schulz

Charles M. Schulz died on  February 12, 2000.

Little Niggy: Dog of the Dam

In 1932 a part-Labrador puppy with a jet black coat and a white blaze on his chest was said to have been born in the crawlspace beneath the first police building in Boulder City. A laborer for Six Companies, the joint venture of construction companies building Hoover dam, began bringing him to the worksite while he was still a puppy, and he became a welcome addition to the workforce. Political correctness did not occur to the men of the time, and they called the dog ”Nig.”

The dog was as sure-footed as any mountain goat and made his way around the canyon and on the construction catwalks that the men used to navigate the dam. Nig could climb up ladders and he followed the men into tunnels without fear.

He became Hoover Dam official builder dam\s animal mascot.

Unfortunately in 1941, Little Niggy was accidentally run over by a truck. He was buried in a concrete crypt near the Nevada abutment and memorialized with a plaque identifying him as a dog that adopted a dam.

Tuesday, January 06, 2015


It is quite impossible not to hear the word “adobo” when we talk about Philippine cuisine. That stew made of pork, or chicken cooked with vinegar, soy sauce which gives it its salty-sour taste. Every time I go to a carinderia, an adobo is always on display, different types of adobo – there are even adobo made of vegetable like sitaw (string beans) and kang kong.

The End of Nardong Putik

Nardong Putik met his end on the fateful day of the 11th of October, 1971.

It was the end of Nardong Putik—“Muddy Leonard”— whose full name was Leonardo Manecio. Putik credited his ability to survive and escape numerous ambushes and gunfights to his anting-anting (amulet). Nardong Putik ability to elude the law and his enemies made him a legend to many people.