Question: Is that a law enacted by congress or an executive order
Answer: Calibrated preemptive response (CPR) is not a law enacted by
the congress nor an executive order. It is a systematic strategy to
gradually increase the use of force even ahead of a demostration or
rally. According to Malacanang, CPR is consistent with the "no
permit, no rally" rule under Batas Pambansa Blg. 880 [also known as
the "Public Assembly Act of 1985"] issued by former Pres. Ferdinand
Marcos to govern rallies and other mass actions during martial law.
There's no presidential or executive issuance covering the CPR, which
is one of the arguments in a petition assailing the CPR filed with
the Supreme Court.
According to those that defend CRP, Malacanang adopted it as a policy
that occupies the same conceptual bench as George W. Bush's doctrine
of "preemptive defense" against international terrorism. CPR is the
means employed to carry out the "no permit, no rally" policy adopted
by the government in the face of the continuing street
demonstrations. The standards set for public officials is the "clear
and present danger" rule which means that if there is a "grave and
imminent danger of a serious evil to public safety, public morals,
public health or any other legitimate public interest, the exercise
of this freedom will be curtailed.