Friday, June 24, 2005
Contrary to the common misconception, when the Spaniards arrived in the islands they found more than just a loose collection of backward and belligerent tribes. They found a civilization that was very different from their own. The ability to read and write is the mark of any civilization and, according to many early Spanish accounts, the Tagalogs had already been writing with the baybayin for at least a century.
The word baybayin is a very old Tagalog term that refers to all the letters used in writing a language, that is to say, an “alphabet.” It is from the root baybáy meaning, “spell.” Early Spanish accounts usually called the baybayin “Tagalog letters” or “Tagalog writing.” And, as mentioned earlier, the Visayans called it “Moro writing” because it was imported from Manila, which was one of the ports where many products from Muslim traders entered what are now known as the Philippine islands. The Bikolanos called the script basahan and the letters, guhit.
Another common name for the baybayin is alibata, which is a word that was invented just in the 20th century by a member of the old National Language Institute, Paul Versoza. As he explained in Pangbansang Titik nang Pilipinas in 1939.
In, 1571, the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legaspi ordered Martin de Goiti to conquer the kingdom of Rajah Soliman. Upon the rajah's defeat, legaspi founded the city of Manila.
Manila's first municipal board was organized on June 24, 1571. but only in 1595 was the city granted a coat of arms and formally declared the capital of the Philippines.
To secure Manila from invaders, Gomez Perez Dasmarinas ordered to fortify the whole city with a stone wall. The building was supervized by a Jesuit priest, Antonio Sadeno. The massive wall was completed in the 1600s, and city within the walls was called Intramuros, from the Latin Intra or "inside" and muros "wall".
Sabacc is a skill and chance card game, sometimes played for high stakes, in which it is called Jhabacc., played by the high-rollers of the universe. Found in casinos, cantinas, and anywhere else that slightly shady deals are made on a regular basis, this game has thrived for centuries as the true game of the gambling elite.
A barcode is an automatic identification technology which encodes information into an array of varying width parallel bars and spaces. This is also called the Universal Product Code or UPC. It is a series of short black lines of varied thickness usually accompanied by alphanumeric digits. A laser reader or scanner can translate the barcodes into the corresponding alphanumeric digits which are used to uniquely identify a piece of property. This Property Identification Number (PIN) is used as the basis for the inventory. When an item is acquired, a label with a unique barcode must be affixed. Until the item is sold, donated, or excessed, the label must remain attached.
The Barcode (concentric rings) was pattened in 1949 by Norman Woodland and Bernard Silver.
The first item to be sold with a barcode was a packet of Wringley's chewing gum, On June 26, 1974 at the Marsh Supermarket, Troy, Ohio, USA.
Legend has it that in 1890, an ice cream seller in Wisconsin, USA, regularly ran low of supplies on a Sunday. To compensate, he added chocolate sauce or fruit syrup which become popular during Sunday.
The "Sunday Ice Cream" become sundae in responce to puritanical objection to the profane use of thename of the Lord's day.
The word restaurant came from its sign that said,
"Venite ad me, omnes qui stomacho laboratis, et ego restaurabo
vos." ( Come to me all whose stomach grumble, and we'll restore
Toblerone is a chocolate bar best known for its quasi-pyramid shaped chunks, representing the Swiss Alps. The chocolate bar Toblerone derived its name from the name of the Tobler chocolate firm and torrone, Italian for nougat.
It was created by Emil Baumann and Theodor Tobler in 1908.