Saturday, April 30, 2005

What Famous Work of Art Are You?

You Are Best Described By...

Composition with Red, Blue, Yellow

By Piet Mondrian

In Japanese My name is....

Your Japanese Name Is...

Shuichi Kimura

Wednesday, April 27, 2005

Announcement: The first iblog Summit

Attend iblog, the Philippines' 1st Blogging Summit! Go to iblog, the Philippine’s 1st Blogging Summit. Attendance is FREE. Register now to save your seat!

Monday, April 25, 2005

Care to know... (Part 2)

  1. Contrary to what most people would tend to think, not all mosquitoes bite - only the female does. The male cannot bite no matter how hard he might try, and is content living on plant juices.

  2. People think of cockroaches as filthy beacuse of their stinking odor, secreted by scent glands, much like a skunk's. The odor is a natural defence: the aroma discourages many potential predators. Actually, the cockroach is a fastidious little fellow, spending hours to wash his feet, legs, and antennae. Although known to carry pathogens of such diseases as typhoid and gastroenteritis, the cockrroach has not been firmly linked with spreading any of them - in the sense that lice spread typhus, mosquitoes malaria, and flies intestinal diseases.
  3. In all of history, there was never a people more humane than the Toltecs, and agricultural tribe that moved from northern Mexico down into the vicinity of Mexico City in the 7th century. When they had to go to war, they did so with wooden swords -- so that they would not kill their enemies.

More Pinoy Trivia

The exotic jeepney is a post-war creation inspired by the GI jeeps that the American soldiers brought to the country in the 1940s. Enterprising Filipinos salvaged the surplus engines and came out unique vehicles of art. The exotic jeepney is the Filipino version of the jitney, the taxi/minibus that travels along a fixed route, found in many countries.

The Philippine Jeepney

Short distance and feeder trips could not be more exciting than via Philippine quick transports – the tricycle, a motorcycle with a sidecar, and the pedicab, a bicycle with a sidecar.

The world’s longest underground river system accessible to man can be found at the St. Paul National Park in the province of Palawan.

The largest Philippine wild animal, the tamaraw, is a species of the buffalo that is similar to the carabao. It is found only in the island of Mindoro.

The highest mountain in the Philippines is Mt. Apo, a dormant volcano found in Mindanao, at 2,954 meters (9,689 feet). Mt. Pulog in Luzon is the second highest at 2,928 meters (9604 feet).

Filipino bowler Rafael "Paeng" Nepomuceno was the first bowler to be elevated to the International Bowling Hall of Fame based in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. The Philippine Congress has named him “Greatest Filipino Athlete of All Time.”

The Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) found in Bohol, is said to be one of the smallest monkey in the world.

Philippine National Hero and writer Jose Rizal could read and write at age 2. He grew up to speak more than 20 languages, including Latin, Greek, German, French, and Chinese. What were his last words? "Consummatum est!" ("It is done!")

The largest city in the Philippines is Davao City. With an area of 2,211 sq. km., it is about three times the size of the national capital, Metro Manila.

Cebu is the oldest Philippine city.

Negros Occidental has the most cities among Philippine provinces.

Filipinos celebrate the world’s longest religious holiday. The Christmas season begins on September 1st, as chillier winds and Christmas carols start filling the air, and ends on the first week of January, during the Feast of the Three Kings.

Paskuhan Village in the province of Pampanga is Asia’s only Christmas theme park and the third of its kind in the world.

The great Christmans lanterns of San Fernando, Pampanga can reach as big as 40 feet in diameter, using as many as 16,000 glowing bulbs.

The word "boondocks", which is now a part of the English language, dictionary, and vocabulary, comes from the Tagalog word "bundok," meaning "mountain."

The Philippines became the first Asian country to win FIVE major international beauty pageant crowns — two for Miss Universe, in 1969 and 1973, and three for Miss International, in 1965, 1970, and 1979.

Diving paradise Anilao, in the province of Batangas, is the theme of a picture book that bagged the International Prize for Underwater Images at the 27th World Festival of Underwater Images in France in November 2000.

“Anilao" book creators and Filipino scuba divers Scott Tuason and Eduardo Cu Unjieng defeated big names in underwater photography such as Jacques Mayol, Pascal Kobeh, Monique Walker, and Alessandro Tommasi.

The biggest game preserve and wildlife sanctuary in the Philippines is located on Calauit Island in Palawan, which has the largest land area among the Philippine provinces.

The antibiotic erythromycin — used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, middle ear infections, and skin infections — was created by Filipino scientist Abelardo Aguilar, and has earned American drug giant Eli Lilly billions of dollars. Neither Aguilar nor the Philippine government received royalties.

Fernando Amorsolo was officially the first National Artist of the Philippines. He was given the distinction of National Artist for Painting in 1972.

Philippines Herald war journalist Carlos P. Romulo was the first Asian to win a Pulitzer Prize in Journalism in 1942. He was also aide-de-camp to General Douglas MacArthur in World War II; Philippine resident commissioner in the U.S. Congress from 1944-46; and the first Asian to become UN President in 1949.

The largest fish in the world, the Whale Shark, locally known as Butanding, regularly swims to the Philippine waters.

The world’s shortest and lightest freshwater fish is the dwarf pygmy goby (Pandaka Pygmaea), a colorless and nearly transparent species found in the streams and lakes of Luzon. Males have an average length of 8.7 mm. and weigh 4-5 mg.

On January 18, 1995, Pope John Paul II offered mass to an estimated 4 to 5 million people at Luneta Park, Manila, Philippines, making it to the Guiness Book of World Records for the Biggest Papal Crowd.

The Philippine Madrigal Singers bagged the 1997 European Choral Grand Prix, the choral olympics of the world’s best choirs. The group, being the only Asian choir, bested five regional champions from all over Europe, earning them the title as the "world’s best choir."

There are 12,000 or so species of seashells in the Philippines. The Conus Gloriamaris or "Glory of the Sea" is the rarest and most expensive in the world.

Of the 500 known coral species in the world, 488 are found in the Philippines.

Of the eight species of marine turtles worldwide, five are reported to be found in the Philippines: the Green Turtle, Hawkbill, Leatherback, Olive Ridley, and Loggerhead.

Of the eight known species of giant clams in the world, seven are found in the Philippines.

The Basilica of San Sebastian is the only steel church in Asia and was the second building to be made out of steel, next to the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It is one of the 4 minor basilicas in the Archdiocese of Manila. It is said to be the only church in Asia built of steel. The architect decided to use steel to build the present structure because the church had been completely destroyed by an earthquake twice.

The largest bell in Asia hangs at the belfry of the 221-year old Panay Church. It is 7 feet in diameter and 7 feet in height, and weighs 10.4 tons. Its tolling can be heard as far as 8 km. away. It was casted from 70 sacks of coins donated by the townspeople as a manifestation of faith and thanksgiving.

The World Cup, which was instituted in 1965, is contested annually by the national champions of the Federation Internationale des Quilleurs (FIQ). The highest number of wins is 4, by Filipino bowler Rafael “Paeng” Nepomuceno: 1976, 1980, 1992, and 1996.

Filipino Eriberto N. Gonzales Jr. consumed 350 chilis in 3 minutes at the annual Magayon Festival chili-eating contest held at Penaranda Park, Legazpi, Albay on May 27, 1999, making it to the Guiness Book of World Records for the most chilis eaten.

The longest possible eclipse of the Sun is 7 min. 31 sec. The longest eclipse in recent times took place west of the Philippines on June 20, 1995, lasting for 7 min. 8 sec.

Camiguin province holds the distinction of having the most number of volcanoes per square kilometer than any other island on earth. It is also the only place in the Philippines which has more volcanoes (7) than towns (5).
The 900 sq m Relief Map of Mindanao in Dapitan City was personally done by Dr. Jose Rizal. It was used as a device for teaching history and geography to townsfolk.

The Zamboanga Golf Course and Beach Park was founded in 1910 by Gov. John Pershing. It is one of the oldest golf courses in the Philippines.

Isabela City is the youngest city in the region. It was only on March 5, 2001 that the Municipality of Isabela, Province of Basilan was converted into a component city Through RA 9023. On April 25, 2001, Isabele├▒os ratified the new status of Isabela.

The Kinabayo is an exotic and colorful pageant re-enacting the Spanish-Moorish Wars, particularly the Battle of Covadonga where the Spanish forces under General Pelagio took their last stand against the Saracens. They were able to reverse the tide of war with the miraculous apparition of St. James, the Apostle. A Kinabayo Festival is celebrated every July in Dapitan City, attracting thousands of tourists to the city.

The altar at the Holy Rosary Cathedral in Dipolog City was designed by Dr. Jose Rizal. The Cathedral was erected by the Spanish friars sometime in 1895, before Dipolog City became a municipality.

The Rizal Shrine in Dapitan City is the original estate of Dr. Jose Rizal which he acquired by purchase during his exile in Dapitan from 1892 to 1896.

RA 8973 signed by then President Joseph E. Estrada in February 2001 created the province of Zamboanga Sibugay. A total of sixteen municipalities compose this newest province in the Zamboanga Peninsula.
Magat Dam is Asia’s biggest dam project at the time of its construction. It serves the primary function of power generation and irrigation.

The Cagayan River or Rio Grande de Cagayan is the Philippines’ mightiest watercourse – the longest and widest river in the country. Small streams originating form Balete Pass, Cordillera, Caraballo and Sierra Madre Mountains meet other streams and rivers and flow to the Cagayan River.

Magapit Suspension Bridge is the first of its kind in Asia. It spans the Cagayan River at Lallo and is 0.76 kilometers long. The hanging bridge links the first and second districts of Cagayan going towards the Ilocos Region via the scenic Patapat Road on the Ilocos Norte-Cagayan Inter-Provincial national highway.
Angono Petroglyphs – This cultural heritage site dates back to circa 3000 B.C. and is the most ancient Filipino, or more aptly, prehistoric Filipino work of art. Besides being the country’s oldest “work of art” it also offers us an evocative glimpse into the life of our ancestors. The site has been included in the World Inventory of Rock Art under the auspices of UNESCO, ICCROM and ICOMOS and nominated as one of the “100 Most Endangered Sites of the World.

PANCIT HABHAB (Lucban)-Made from rice flour, these local noodles acquired its name and developed its unique attraction by the way it is eaten. Otherwise known as Pancit Lucban, these noodles are hawked in the streets and served on a piece of banana leaf, sans fork or any other utensils. Thus, it is eaten straight from the leaf, licking permitted... "habhab"-style.

Tagala - the Philippines first Filipino-Spanish dictionary which was printed in 1613, 25 years older than the first book printed in the United States.

Mayon is the most beautiful mountain I have ever seen, the world-renowned Fujiyama (Mt. Fuji) of Japan sinking into perfect insignificance by comparison. British traveler-writer A. Henry Savage Landor

Ilo-Ilo golf and country club is the oldest golf club in the Philippines. It was built at 1908 by Irish Engineers.
Limasawa Island – where Ferdinand Magellan first landed in the Philippines which give way to the discovery of the Philippines and where the first mass was celebrated.

San Juanico Strait - said to be the narrowest yet the most navigable strait in the world

Calbiga Cave – The Philippines’ biggest karst formations and one of the largest in Asia, the 2,968-hectare cave system is composed of 12 caves with wide underground spaces, unique rock formations and sub-terranean watercourse.

At the Immaculate Conception Cathedral can be found the only existing pipe organ in Mindanao. The 2nd largest pipe organ in the Phiippines. The huge instrument took 2 years to built and was brought over by sea from Germany in 23 crates.

Cagayan de Oro City - “The City of Golden Friendship,” known for its warm people and old-fashioned hospitality

Mt. Apo, the Philippines highest mountain at 10,311 feet above sea level, and considered as the “Grand-father of all Philippine Mountains”

Lake Lanao is the second largest lake in the Philippines, probably the deepest in the country and is considered one of the major tropical lakes in Southeastern Asia. The lake is home of endemic cryprinids, the species found only in the lake and nowhere else in the world.

Halo-Halo! Halo-halo literally means, "mix-mix". And its is just that: a mixture of sweetened fruits and beans, lavished with pinipig (crisp flattened rice flakes), sugar and milk, topped by crushed ice and ice cream. You know its summertime when halo-halo stand start sprouting by the roadside and by the beach, all whipping up their heavenly concoctions of such a refreshingly divine dessert. You can make your own by selecting and mixing your ingredients to make a perfect Halo-Halo. Halo-Halo is uniquely, unforgettably Filipino!

KALESA - The kalesa or karitela is a horse-driven carriage that was introduced during the 18th century. It was used by Spanish officials and the nobles as a means of transportation. The Ilustrados, the rich Filipinos who had their own businesses, used the kalesa not only for traveling but as a means a means of transporting their goods as well.

BAKYA-Made primarily of lightwood (laniti and santol trees), it is sculpted with a slope and shaved to a smooth finish, then painted with floral designs or varnished to a high sheen. The upper portions, which are made of rubber or transparent plastic, are fastened to the sides by thumb nails called "clavitos". The bakya industry prospered during the 1930s when the Filipinos began exporting these to the other countries.

SORBETES-This sweet treat was concocted in the early 1920's, a time where a single centavo could buy you almost anything. The process of this ice cream making and selling it in carts with colorful designs is still the same. Back in the old days, these ice cream dealers bred their own cows and milked them with their own hands to ensure the freshness and sanitation of the milk needed to make the "dirty ice cream".

Waling Waling Orchids - With some 800 to 1,000 species of orchids, the Philippines has one of the richest orchid floras in the world. Philippine orchids come in an amazing array of shapes, sizes and colors. Most grow only in old-growth forest, often on branches of huge trees dozens of meters above the forest floor.

Maria Teresa Calderon – A Filipina World champion speed reader as listed in the Guinness Book of World Records

In the Philippines, Filipinos were introduced to the English language in 1762 by British invaders, not Americans. Philippines is the world's 3rd largest English-speaking nation, next to the USA and the UK.

The world's largest pearl was discovered by a Filipino diver in a giant Tridacna (mollusk) under the Palawan Sea in 1934. Known as the "Pearl of Lao-Tzu", the gem weighs 14 pounds and measures 9 1/2 inches long and 5 1/2 inches in diameter. As of May 1984, it was valued at US$42 million. It is believed to be 600 years old.

Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) Channel 3, the first television station in the country, went on the air in 1953.

The world's second deepest spot underwater is in the Philippines. This spot, about 34,440 feet (10,497 meters) below the sea level, is known as the Philippine Deep or the Mindanao Trench. The Philippine Deep is in the floor of the Philippine Sea. The German ship Emden first plumbed the trench in 1927.

Lipa City in Batangas is dubbed as the “Rome of the Philippines” because of the number of seminaries, convents, monasteries, retreat houses, and a famous cathedral located in it.

Compostela Valley is known to be laden with gold, thus earning the monicker “Golden Valley of Mindanao”

Basilica of St. Martin de Tours in Taal, Batangas built by Augustinian Missionaries in 1572, is reputed to be the biggest catholic church in East Asia. It is so huge that it can house another big church

Kibungan is known as the “Switzerland of Bengued” because of the frost during the cold months

The Delmonte Pineapple Plantation in Bukidnon is considered to be the biggest in the far east

Both Tridacna gigas, one of the world's largest shells, and Pisidum, the world's tiniest shell, can be found under Philippine waters. Tridacna gigas grows as large as one meter in length and weighs 600 pounds while Pisidum is less than 1 millimeter long. A shell called glory of the sea (Connus gloriamaris) is also found in the Philippines and considered as one of the most expensive shells in the world.

Seahorses are small saltwater fish belonging to the Syngnathidae family (order Gasterosteiformes), which also includes pipefish and sea dragons. Most seahorse species, probably the most peculiar creatures in the water, live in the Coral Triangle. There are at least 50 known seahorse species in the world. They inhabit temperate and tropical waters but most of them are concentrated in the warm coastal waters of the Philippines.

Donsol, a fishing town in Sorsogon province, serves as a sanctuary to a group of 40 whale sharks (Rhincodon typus), which are considered as the largest fish in the world. Locally known as "butanding", whale sharks visit the waters of Donsol from November to May. They travel across the oceans but nowhere else have they been sighted in a larger group than in the waters of Sorsogon. They measure between 18 to 35 feet in length and weigh about 20 tons.

The Philippines is home to some of the world's most exotic birds. One of the most endangered species is the exotic Kalangay or the Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), which belongs to Psittacidae or the family of parrots. Some cockatoos can live up to 50 years. They are known for mimicking human voices. Most of them measure 33 centimeters in length and weigh 0.29 kilogram.

Palawan bearcat is neither a bear nor a cat. Known in Southeast Asia as binturong, the bearcat is a species of its own, with population in the forests of Palawan, Borneo, Burma and Vietnam. It belongs to the family of Viverridae (civets). The Palawan bearcat has a long body and a pointed face leading to the nose. Its head and body measure 61 to 96 centimeters in combined length while its tail is almost as long. It weighs 9 to 14 kilograms and lives up to 20 years.

Calamian Deer - Calamian Islands, north of Palawan province, keep a species of deer that cannot be found elsewhere. Scientists referred to the hog deer in the islands as Calamian deer in order to distinguish them from other hog deer in the world. An ordinary Calamian deer measures 105 to 115 centimeters in length and 60 to 65 centimeters high at the shoulder and weighs about 36 to 50 kilograms. It is said to have longer and darker legs, compared with other hog deer.

World's Smallest Hoofed Mammal - South of Palawan, lies the Balabac Island, home of the world's smallest hoofed mammal - the Philippine mouse deer. Locally known as Pilandok (Tragalus nigricans), this ruminant stands only about 40 centimeters at the shoulder level.

Flying Lemur - One of the most distinct creatures on Earth lives in the Philippines. It doesn't have wings but it can glide across 100 meters of space in a single leap. Like the lemurs of Asia, it moves around at night. Its head resembles that of a dog while its body has similarities with the flying squirrel of Canada. In Mindanao, people call it "kagwang". Around the world, it is known as colugo or the flying lemur.

Did you know that the first four cities of Metropolitan Manila are: Manila, Quezon, Pasay and Caloocan

The flagpole located in Rizal Park, is where the starts of 0 kilometer reading in measuring all distances from Manila.

Quezon City is the second biggest city in the Philippines.

The Bonifacio Monument in Monumento, Caloocan City was designed by a noted Filipino sculptor Guillermo Tolentino

Bonifacio Monument, Caloocan City, Philippines

In 1916, in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were introduced. The Filipinos developed the "bomba" or kill, and called the hitter a "bomberino". (source:

The PHILIPPINE EAGLE (Pithecophaga jefferyii) is the 2nd largest bird on the planet (next only to the American Condor).This eagle is the world's tallest eagle, and has the largest surface area in its wings among all the species of eagles.

Originally the Philippine Eagle inhabited rainforests of four major Philippine islands. Now it is restricted to the islands of Luzon and Mindanao, but it is nearly extinct on the former.

Juan dela Cruz

Contrary to popular notion, the symbolic name "Juan de la Cruz" is not a Filipino invention. R. McCulloch-Dick, a Scottish born journalist, coined the generic tag while working for the Manila Times in the early 1900's after discovering it was the most common name in police blotters and court dockets in and around Manila.

Care to know...

  1. That the Sun is about 93,000.000 miles away from the Earth.
  2. That then Great Wall of China is the only man-made structure that can be seen from outer space.
  3. That honey is the only food that never spoil.
  4. That Franciscus de le Boe of Holand developed gin as a medicine in 1692.
  5. That the famous MacArthur photograph while wading ashore in the Philippines was taken by Roger Wrenn.
  6. That the Christimas song Silent Night was written by Fr. Joseph Mohr. Franz Gruber rendered the tune.
  7. The first paperback book was printed - by Penguin Publishing in 1935.
  8. The first dictionary of American English was published on April 14th, 1828, by - who else? - Noah Webster.
  9. The yo-yo originated in the Philippines, where it was used as a weapon in hunting.
  10. That in 1925, Arturo Tuazon and Dimples Cooper executed the first kissing scene in a Filipino movie Tatlong Hambog and was directed by Jose Nepomuceno.
  11. That the word "boycott" came from Charles Cunningham Boycott, an English land agent, when peasant refused to work for him because he is opposed to the land reform that was proposed by the Irish Land League in 1879.
  12. Louis XV was the first person to use an elevator: in 1743 his "flying chair" carried him between the floors of the Versailles palace.
  13. Fe del Mundo, the first Asian to have entered the prestigious Harvard University's School of Medicine, is also credited for her studies that led to the invention of incubator and jaundice relieving device.
  14. It is said that Eduardo San Juan is the inventor of the Lunar Rover, or more popularly known as the Moon Buggy. The Moon Buggy was the car used by Neil Armstrong and other astronauts when they first explored the moon in 1969. Eduardo San Juan, a graduate of Mapua Institute of Technology (MIT), worked for Lockheed Corporation and conceptualized the design of the Moon Buggy that the Apollo astronauts used while in the moon. however, was not listed as the inventor of the Moon Buggy in American scientific journals. It said the vehicle was designed and constructed by a group of space engineers. In Poland, the Moon Buggy is attributed to a Polish inventor. Worse, the National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) does not recognize Flores in its roster of outstanding Filipino scientists.
  15. Contrary to popular belief, there was no fish sauce or Patis yet during the Spanish occupation. Patis began to become a part of most Filipinos' diet only after the Japanese occupation. Here is an account of how an enterprising lady discovered the fermentation of Patis. Immediately after the war, the family of Ruperta David or Aling Tentay started a dried fish business. One day, Aling Tentay stored in jars some salted fish that turned into fragments even before they dried. While in jars, the fish fragments turned into a liquid substance that tasted like our Patis today. Thus the beginning of the thriving Patis business of Aling Tentay, which was officially registered in 1949 and is known today as Tentay Food and Sauces Inc. (Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer)

Thursday, April 21, 2005

Coke is it!!!!

In May, 1886, Coca Cola was invented by Doctor Dr. John Stith Pemberton,

Druggist John Stith Pemberton (1831-1888), inventor of Coca-Cola

a pharmacist from Atlanta, Georgia. Pemberton concocted a caramel-colored syrup in a three-legged brass kettle in his backyard. Pemberton launched his competing brand, "Pemberton's French Wine Coca", his beverage advertised as an "intellectual beverage" and "invigorator of the brain". He improved on Mariani's Coca Wine tonic through the addition of the kola nut-- famed for its medicinal properties--and damiana, a powerful, naturally occuring aphrodisiac. He marketed the drink as a nerve tonic, recommending it as an aid to overcome morphine addiction. He naturally failed to mention that he, as many medical practitioners of the time, had a serious morphine addiction problem. First named "Pemberton's French Wine Coca," the 'nerve remedy' was widely distributed at apothecaries throughout Atlanta, though it was a late-comer in the Coca Wine market, Mariani's Coca Wine being the internationally preferred coca wine tonic of choice until then.The name Coca-Cola was a suggestion given by John Pemberton's bookkeeper Frank M. Robinson.It was also Robinson who first scripted "Coca Cola" into the flowing letters which has become the famous logo of today. He first "distributed" the new product by carrying Coca-Cola in a jug down the street to Jacobs Pharmacy. For five cents, consumers could enjoy a glass of Coca-Cola at the soda fountain.

sales of Coca-Cola averaged nine drinks per day. That first year, Dr. Pemberton sold 25 gallons of syrup, shipped in bright red wooden kegs. Red has been a distinctive color associated with the No. 1 soft drink brand ever since. For his efforts, Dr. Pemberton grossed $50 and spent $73.96 on advertising.
Atlanta entrepreneur Asa G. Candler had acquired complete ownership of the Coca-Cola business. Asa Griggs Candler, another local druggist, eventually purchased Pemberton's secret formula--for, reputedly, between $1,750 and $2,300, and elevated Coca-Cola to a national brand.
In January "Coca-Cola" was registered in the U.S. Patent office.

The first syrup plant outside of Atlanta was opened in Dallas.
By 1895, a mere seven years after he bought the company, Coca-Cola was available in every U.S. state. Atlanta banker Ernest Woodruff, president of the Trust Company of Georgia, recognized the company's potential and persuaded his son, Robert, to invest in the Coca-Cola Company.

The first two countries outside the United States to bottle Coca-Cola were Cuba and Panama
The Root Glass company created the Coca-Cola contour glass bottle.
3 Million Coke's sold per day. "Coca-Cola " is the worlds most recognized trademark.
The Coca-Cola Company was sold to a group of investors for $25 million.

In 1923, Robert W. Woodruff became president of the now publicly traded company.Woodruff, at true innovator, proceeded to turn Coca Cola into a nationally recognized brand marketing his product like no other product had been marketed before. The company spent enormous sums (based on standards of the time) on advertising.1925 6 Million Coke's sold per day.

The first Coca-Cola radio advertisement.
Sales of bottled Coca-Cola surpassed fountain sales for the first time.
Advertising slogan - "The Pause that Refreshes".
Coke is bottled in over 40 countries.
Advertising slogan - "Coca-Cola, making good things taste better".
Sprite was introduced.
Advertising slogan - "It's the Real Thing".
The song "I'd like to Buy the World a Coke" was released.
Advertising slogan - "Have a Coke and a Smile".
Diet Coke was introduced in July.
Coca-Cola was the first independent operator in the Soviet Union.
Advertising slogan - "Can't Beat the Feeling".
Coca-Cola exceeds 10 Billion cases sold worldwide.
Advertising slogan - "Always Coca-Cola".
The Coca-Cola Company began bottling operations in ...
in Hawaii.
in the Philippines.
in France.
in Belgium, Bermuda, Colombia, Honduras, Italy, Mexico, Haiti and Burma.
in Antigua, China, Guatemala, Holland, Spain, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic.
in Germany and Spanish Morocco.
Australia, Austria, Gutana, Surinam, Jamaica, Curacao, Luxembourg, Norway, Scotland, South Africa, The Virgin Islands, and Trinidad.
in Ecuador, and El Salvador.
in Nicaragua, Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Iceland, and Uruguay.
in Egypt, and Martinique
in Barbados, Japan, and Okinawa
in Morocco and Tangier
in Liberia, Rhodesia, and Guadeloupe

More fun facts and trivia

  • Mexico and Iceland have the highest per capita consumption of Coca-Cola.
  • Coca-Cola translated to Chinese means, "To make mouth happy".
  • Every second over 7,000 Coca-Cola products are consumed.
  • If all the Coca-Cola ever produced were in 6 1/2 oz. bottles and placed end to end they would wrap around the earth more than 11,863 times.
  • The tallest Coca-Cola bottling plants are in Hong Kong. The plant in Quarry Bay is 17 floors, and the plant in Shatin is 25 floors.
  • The bottling plant at the highest elevation in the world is located in Bolivia, at 12,000 feet.
  • The world's longest Coca-Cola truck is in Sweden. It is 79 feet long with a four-azle trailer.
  • The best selling non-carbonated soft drink in Japan is a product of The Coca-Cola Company named "Georgia", a coffee flavored beverage.
  • Coca-Cola first crossed the Atlantic on board the Graf Zeppelin, the Geman dirigible.
  • The Varsity Restaurant in Atlanta, Georgia, has earned the distinction of serving the highest volume of Coca-Cola anywhere. It dispenses nearly 3 million servings of Coca-Cola annually.
  • If all the Coca-Cola vending machines in the U.S. were stacked one on top of each other, the pile would be over 450 miles high.

Care to know.... . .

that although "Coke" had long been a nickname for Coca-Cola, it wasn't registered as a trademark until 1941. Haddon Sundblom was commissioned to creat the "Sprite Boy" for the official introduction of "Coke" which was first used in 1842.

Pemberton then sold the rights to the Coca-Cola formula--he'd developed cancer and his morphine addiction had likely become very serious--but in 1887, he sold Willis Venable and George Lowndes two-thirds of the rights to the formula. "I am sick, and I believe I will never get out of this bed. The only thing I have is Coca-Cola. Coca-Cola some day will be a national drink. I want to keep a third interest in it so that my son will always have a living". With these words to Mr. Lowndes, Dr. Pemberton relinquished his control of Coca-Cola. Tragically--and even more ironic--Dr. Pemberton's son Charley would be dead from a morphine overdose only six years after Dr. Pemberton's own passing.

Chronological evolution about the automobile business

James Watt builds the first engine crank.
The first U.S. toll roads opened in PA and CT.
Jean Lenoir invents the spark plug.
The Benz became the first car offered for sale.
The Duryea became the first production motor vehicle in the U.S.
The first auto insurance policy is purchased in Westfield, MA.
The first Guide Michelin published mostly containing a list of gas stations in France.
The first Grand Prix race was won with an average speed of 46 mph.
The first American car manufactured in any quantity, the "Curved Dash" Olds is offered for $650.
More than one million cars registered in the U.S.
The Chevrolet bow-tie emblem first appears.
The first electric traffic light was installed in Cleveland.
Powered windshield wipers became standard equipment on many cars.
A radio was first offered as an accessory.
Buick introduces turn signals as standard equipment.
The first power windows were introduced.
Harley Earl introduces the tail fin on the Cadillac. Fins don't go away for over a decade.
Chevrolet introduces its Harley Earl-designed Corvette.
Padded dashboards introduced for safety.
Electric door locks introduced on several luxury models.
The first remote adjusted side view mirror.
Ford introduces the first electric trunk release.
Chrysler introduces the day-night rearview mirror.
All-weather antifreeze plus coolant introduced.
Seat belts first offered as standard equipment.
Rear seat belts became standard on most cars.
National 55 mph speed limit enacted after oil shortages.
Chrysler introduces the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth voyager minivans.
Cars traveled along LA freeways at an average speed of 60 mph. In 1982 the average was only 17 mph!
The average American family spent 33 percent of their yearly income for a new car. In 1995 the average was 50 percent.
the Big Three sold a whopping 97,000 cars in Japan.

"Kilroy Was Here"

Kilroy. The little cartoon bald head, peering over a fence that hid everything except his eyes and his long U-shaped nose... and sometimes his fingers, gripping the top of the fence. And his proclamation, "Kilroy was here."
Graffiti itself goes back to ancient times. Graffiti is found in the ruins of Pompeii, on the walls of ancient Jerusalem, in ancient Egypt. Kilroy follows a long tradition, but was far more famous and all-present than any of them.
"Kilroy was here" emerged during World War II, appearing at truck stops, city restaurants, and in military boardrooms. However, the first appearances seem to have been on military docks and ships in late 1939.
"The mischievous face and the phrase became a national joke," according to author Charles Panati. In theory, he was a soldier, probably American, who travelled all over the world scrawling his immortal phrase. Clearly, the graffiti were scrawled by thousands of different soldiers, not a single one named Kilroy.

This Legend of how "Kilroy was here" starts is with James J. Kilroy, a shipyard inspector during WWII. He chalked the words on bulkheads to show that he had been there and inspected the riveting in the newly constructed ship. To the troops in those ships, however, it was a complete mystery — all they knew for sure was that he had "been there first." As a joke, they began placing the graffiti wherever they (the US forces) landed or went, claiming it was already there when they arrived.
Kilroy became the US super-GI who always got there first — wherever GI's went. It became a challenge to place the logo in the most unlikely places. It was said to be atop Mt. Everest, the Statue of Liberty, the underside of the Arch de Triumphe, and scrawled in the dust on the moon. An outhouse was built for the exclusive use of Truman, Stalin, and Churchill who were there for the Potsdam conference. The first person to use it was Stalin. He emerged and asked his aide (in Russian), "Who is Kilroy?"
WWII UDT (Under Water Demolition - later Navy Seals) divers swam ashore on Japanese held islands in the Pacific to prepare the beaches for the coming landings by US troops. They were sure to be the first GIs there! On more than one occasion, they reported seeing "Kilroy was here" scrawled on make shift signs or as graffiti on enemy pillboxes. They, in turn, often left similar signs for the next incoming GIs.
The tradition continued in every US military theater of operations throughout and following WWII.
In 1946 the Transit Company of America held a contest offering a prize of a real trolley car to the person who could prove himself to be the "real" Kilroy. Almost forty men stepped forward to make that claim, but James Kilroy brought along officials from the shipyard and some of the riveters to help prove his authenticity. James Kilroy won the prize of the trolley car which he gave it to his nine children as a Christmas gift and set it up in their front yard for a playhouse.


James J Kilroy was a ship inspector at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, USA. It was his responsibility to check on how many holes a riveter had filled in a shift on any given day. In order to prevent double counting by dishonest riveters and to prove to his supervisors that he'd been doing his work, he began marking 'Kilroy was here' inside the hulls of the ships being built. He used yellow crayon so it would be easily visible; this way the off-shift inspectors wouldn't count the rivets more than once and pay the riveter for work he hadn't done.

Once the ship became operative, carrying military troops that were headed overseas and bound for the war, the phrase was a complete mystery. Why it was there and being found in such out of the way places made it all the more mysterious. All they could be certain of was that Kilroy, whoever he was, had 'been there first'. As a joke, troops began placing the graffiti wherever the US forces landed and claimed it had already been there when they'd arrived.

Whoever originated it, Kilroy quickly became the United States super GI who had always already been wherever men were sent by the military. The game quickly became a challenge to put the picture and slogan in the most unlikely places imaginable first.

According to author Charles Panati, it's supposed to be atop Mount Everest, on the torch of the Statue of Liberty, on the underside of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, on the Marco Polo Bridge in China, on huts in Polynesia, on a girder on the George Washington Bridge in New York and scrawled in the dust on the moon. Panati also wrote that an outhouse was built, during the Potsdam Conference in July of 1945, for use exclusively by Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill. The first of the three to utilize the facility was Stalin. Upon emerging he inquired of his nearby aide, 'Who is Kilroy?' This was supposedly overheard by a translator and is where the story comes from.

Kilroy and Hitler - The Rumour
Near the end of World War II, Adolf Hitler was absolutely and completely paranoid regarding one insurgent in particular. This individual seemed able to get into everything and anything that was thought to be secure in Nazi, Germany. He (Hitler) ordered his best men to begin actively searching for this super-spy and all troops were commanded to shoot and kill this menace.
The 'spy' Hitler was looking for was none other than Kilroy! GIs in occupied territory and spies in the German Army were vandalizing Nazi bases and equipment with the Kilroy logo and its well-known slogan. It wasn't intended as anything more than graffiti and a prank, but by the final year of Hitler's reign, he was convinced Kilroy could penetrate into any secure area and feared for his own safety thinking Kilroy was certain to kill him.

Oddly enough, as widespread as the Kilroy phenomenon was there is no concrete evidence to verify either when or where it began, nor who began it in each country (USA, England and Canada). In England, the Kilroy logo was known as Chad and his slogan consisted of 'Wot no...?' The blank was usually filled in with whatever there was a shortage of or whatever was being rationed at the time. The Oxford English Dictionary states that Chad's origin is obscure, but that British Cartoonist George Edward Chatterton may have created it. Though the James J Kilroy story seems to be the most likely point of origin for the 'Kilroy was here' legend, there is possible evidence of occurrences of the Kilroy logo much earlier than World War II.
Though Chad was popular in England, just as Kilroy was in the US military, still nobody (other than James J Kilroy) has stepped forward to claim him as their own invention, even though there were 26 men named Kilroy in the military during WW2. There was also a Canadian version known as Clem and in the late 1960s there was a version in Los Angeles, California that went by the name of Overby. Perhaps the theory of Kilroy being an unknown super soldier wasn't so far off after all...

Godfather trivia

Brando often had his lines scattered across the set but not because he forgot them, it was because he believed that the best read was the first one so he didn't read scripts before hand. (Source: Special on Marlon Brando)

When Sonny beat his brother-in-law, he got hurt for real. James Caan broke two of Gianni Russo's ribs and chipped his elbow.

The infamous horse head was real. The crew found the horse in a New Jersey rendering plant and had it's head packed in ice and shipped to the set.

Al Pacino almost didn't get the part. It wasn't until the famous restaurant scene where they let him.

The Godfather was the first movie in over twenty years in which Marlon Brando was required to audition.

The studio heads wanted nothing to do with him, however they relented with the insistence of Coppola. - Scottman

While Sophia Coppola was the baby in GF1, she did not resume the role in GF3. In GF1 she played the son of Michaels sister whom Michael baptizes as all the family business is settled, and obviously in GF3 she plays a different role, Michaels daughter.

Al Pacino was paid $35,000 for the role as Michael, but was under contract to another studio that sued him for breach of contract, he was ordered to make two films for the other studio for free and pay the court costs. He wound up dead broke.

The Godfather Part II was the last American film to be printed in dye-transfer Technicolor.

Who's kissing Michael's hand in the first scene?
Ans. Rocco, the same man kissing his hand in the last scene of Part I

Introduction to film: The godfather was born Vito Andolini, in the town of Corleone in Sicily. In 1901 his father was murdered for an insult to the local Mafia chieftain [Don Ciccio]. His older brother Paolo swore revenge and disappeared into the hills, leaving Vito, the only male heir, to stand with his mother at the funeral. He was nine years old.

The cessna on which Tom & Fredo fly to Carson City on was licensed N32545.

The dead girl in Geary's bed (at Fredo's club) wasn't the first death in a pezzonavante's bed:
In Part I it was a horse's head

Who attended the Havana meeting?
The group included: William Shaw (General Fruit Company), Fulgenico Batista (Cuban ruler), Fred Corngold and Mr. Dant (United Telephone & Telegraph), Mr. Petty (Pan American Mining), Robert Allen (South American Sugar), Michael, Roth, and aides.

Who did Michael entertain in Havana?
Senator Geary (Nevada), Senator Payton (Florida), Judge DeMalco (New York), Senator Ream (Maryland)

The New Year reception was held at the Presidential Palace

The attempt on Pentangeli's life was made by the Rosato's on Roth's order. Anthony Rosato (played by Danny Aiello) tried to garrot him, saying "Micheal Coreleone says hello" which adds some confusion

Michael's bodyguard strangles Johnny Ola with a coat hanger

Michael's bodyguard is at the hospital at 10:20pm... but doesn't get shot until Midnight

What ailment did baby Fredo have?

Who's more powerful than Fanucci?

The novel makes Fanucci out to be a fraud, that's why Maranzalla didn't avenge his life.

Sollozzo and McCluskey were murdered in 1947. The Heads of the Five Families were murdered in 1950

What were the guards playing before they found Pentangeli's body?

Troy Donahue played Merle Johnson, the man Connie wanted to marry. Merle Johnson is Donahue's real name!

Nine year old Vito was tagged with #7 on his jacket, was on line #11 at Ellis Island, and slept in bed #52 for three months for his small pox quarentine. This was in 1901.

Anthony's first communion was in 1958 at Lake Tahoe, Nevada. Anthony's middle name is Vito

What was Michael's bodyguard's name? In the credits, he's "Michael's Bodyguard," but he's named "Bussetta" in The Companion)

Hyman Roth was celebrating his 67th birthday in Cuba

What was Frank Pentangeli's brother's name?

Who introduces Carlo to Connie?
Sonny, in the flashback

Vito shot Fanucci three times: heart, face, and mouth

The woman who had a problem with her landlord was Signora Colombo. The landlord was Signor Roberto, who lived on 4th Street

The street address for GENCO Import Company was #514

Fabrizzio's name became Fred Vincent in America, and he opened Fred's Pizza in Buffalo. In the Epic, he was killed in a car bomb by Michael's men, like he killed Apollonia.

Al Neri is the one who shoots Fredo in the boat

15 minutes of the film is in Sicilian with English subtitles

The name of the ship that young Vito traveled to America on was called the Moshulu

The List of Popes

St. Peter (32-67)
St. Linus (67-76)
St. Anacletus (Cletus) (76-88)
St. Clement I (88-97)
St. Evaristus (97-105)
St. Alexander I (105-115)
St. Sixtus I (115-125) -- also called Xystus I
St. Telesphorus (125-136)
St. Hyginus (136-140)
St. Pius I (140-155)
St. Anicetus (155-166)
St. Soter (166-175)
St. Eleutherius (175-189)
St. Victor I (189-199)
St. Zephyrinus (199-217)
St. Callistus I (217-22) St. Hippolytus, Antipope (217-236)-->
St. Urban I (222-30)
St. Pontain (230-35)
St. Anterus (235-36)
St. Fabian (236-50)
St. Cornelius (251-53) Novatian, Antipope (251)-->
St. Lucius I (253-54)
St. Stephen I (254-257)
St. Sixtus II (257-258)
St. Dionysius (260-268)
St. Felix I (269-274)
St. Eutychian (275-283)
St. Caius (283-296) -- also called Gaius
St. Marcellinus (296-304)
St. Marcellus I (308-309)
St. Eusebius (309 or 310)
St. Miltiades (311-14)
St. Sylvester I (314-35)
St. Marcus (336)
St. Julius I (337-52)
Liberius (352-66) Felix II, Antipope (355-365)-->
St. Damasus I (366-83) Ursicinus, Antipope (366-367)-->
St. Siricius (384-99)
St. Anastasius I (399-401)
St. Innocent I (401-17)
St. Zosimus (417-18)
St. Boniface I (418-22) Eulalius, Antipope (418-419)-->
St. Celestine I (422-32)
St. Sixtus III (432-40)
St. Leo I (the Great) (440-61)
St. Hilarius (461-68)
St. Simplicius (468-83)
St. Felix III (II) (483-92)
St. Gelasius I (492-96)
Anastasius II (496-98)
St. Symmachus (498-514) Laurentius, Antipope (498-501)-->
St. Hormisdas (514-23)
St. John I (523-26)
St. Felix IV (III) (526-30)
Boniface II (530-32) Dioscorus, Antipope (530)-->
John II (533-35)
St. Agapetus I (535-36) -- also called Agapitus I
St. Silverius (536-37)
Vigilius (537-55)
Pelagius I (556-61)
John III (561-74)
Benedict I (575-79)
Pelagius II (579-90)
St. Gregory I (the Great) (590-604)
Sabinian (604-606)
Boniface III (607)
St. Boniface IV (608-15)
St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) (615-18)
Boniface V (619-25)
Honorius I (625-38)
Severinus (640)
John IV (640-42)
Theodore I (642-49)
St. Martin I (649-55)
St. Eugene I (655-57)
St. Vitalian (657-72)
Adeodatus (II) (672-76)
Donus (676-78)
St. Agatho (678-81)
St. Leo II (682-83)
St. Benedict II (684-85)
John V (685-86)
Conon (686-87)
St. Sergius I (687-701) Theodore, Antipope (687)-->Paschal, Antipope (687)-->
John VI (701-05)
John VII (705-07)
Sisinnius (708)
Constantine (708-15)
St. Gregory II (715-31)
St. Gregory III (731-41)
St. Zachary (741-52) Stephen II (752) -- Omitted from many lists (including the Vatican's) because he died before being consecrated.
Stephen III (752-57)
St. Paul I (757-67)
Stephen IV (767-72) Constantine II, Antipope (767)-->Philip, Antipope (768)-->
Adrian I (772-95)
St. Leo III (795-816)
Stephen V (816-17)
St. Paschal I (817-24)
Eugene II (824-27)
Valentine (827)
Gregory IV (827-44)
Sergius II (844-47) John, Antipope (855)-->
St. Leo IV (847-55)
Benedict III (855-58) Anastasius, Antipope (855)-->
St. Nicholas I (the Great) (858-67)
Adrian II (867-72)
John VIII (872-82)
Marinus I (882-84)
St. Adrian III (884-85)
Stephen VI (885-91)
Formosus (891-96)
Boniface VI (896)
Stephen VII (896-97)
Romanus (897)
Theodore II (897)
John IX (898-900)
Benedict IV (900-03)
Leo V (903) Christopher, Antipope (903-904)-->
Sergius III (904-11)
Anastasius III (911-13)
Lando (913-14)
John X (914-28)
Leo VI (928)
Stephen VIII (929-31)
John XI (931-35)
Leo VII (936-39)
Stephen IX (939-42)
Marinus II (942-46)
Agapetus II (946-55)
John XII (955-63)
Leo VIII (963-64)
Benedict V (964)
John XIII (965-72)
Benedict VI (973-74)
Benedict VII (974-83) Boniface VII, Antipope (974; 984-985)-->
John XIV (983-84)
John XV (985-96)
Gregory V (996-99) John XVI, Antipope (997-998)-->
Sylvester II (999-1003)
John XVII (1003)
John XVIII (1003-09)
Sergius IV (1009-12)
Benedict VIII (1012-24) Gregory, Antipope (1012)-->
John XIX (1024-32)
Benedict IX (1032-45)
Sylvester III (1045) -- Considered by some to be an antipope
Benedict IX (1045)
Gregory VI (1045-46)
Clement II (1046-47)
Benedict IX (1047-48)
Damasus II (1048)
St. Leo IX (1049-54)
Victor II (1055-57)
Stephen X (1057-58)
Nicholas II (1058-61) Benedict X, Antipope (1058)-->
Alexander II (1061-73) Honorius II, Antipope (1061-1072)-->
St. Gregory VII (1073-85) Guibert ("Clement III"), Antipope (1080-1100)-->
Blessed Victor III (1086-87)
Blessed Urban II (1088-99)
Paschal II (1099-1118) Theodoric, Antipope (1100)-->Aleric, Antipope (1102)-->Maginulf ("Sylvester IV"), Antipope (1105-1111)-->
Gelasius II (1118-19) Burdin ("Gregory VIII"), Antipope (1118)-->
Callistus II (1119-24)
Honorius II (1124-30) Celestine II, Antipope (1124)-->
Innocent II (1130-43) Anacletus II, Antipope (1130-1138)-->Gregory Conti ("Victor IV"), Antipope (1138)-->
Celestine II (1143-44)
Lucius II (1144-45)
Blessed Eugene III (1145-53)
Anastasius IV (1153-54)
Adrian IV (1154-59)
Alexander III (1159-81) Octavius ("Victor IV"), Antipope (1159-1164)-->Pascal III, Antipope (1165-1168)-->Callistus III, Antipope (1168-1177)-->Innocent III, Antipope (1178-1180)-->
Lucius III (1181-85)
Urban III (1185-87)
Gregory VIII (1187)
Clement III (1187-91)
Celestine III (1191-98)
Innocent III (1198-1216)
Honorius III (1216-27)
Gregory IX (1227-41)
Celestine IV (1241)
Innocent IV (1243-54)
Alexander IV (1254-61)
Urban IV (1261-64)
Clement IV (1265-68)
Blessed Gregory X (1271-76)
Blessed Innocent V (1276)
Adrian V (1276)
John XXI (1276-77)
Nicholas III (1277-80)
Martin IV (1281-85)
Honorius IV (1285-87)
Nicholas IV (1288-92)
St. Celestine V (1294)
Boniface VIII (1294-1303)
Blessed Benedict XI (1303-04)
Clement V (1305-14)
John XXII (1316-34) Nicholas V, Antipope (1328-1330)-->
Benedict XII (1334-42)
Clement VI (1342-52)
Innocent VI (1352-62)
Blessed Urban V (1362-70)
Gregory XI (1370-78)
Urban VI (1378-89) Robert of Geneva ("Clement VII"), Antipope (1378-1394)-->
Boniface IX (1389-1404) Pedro de Luna ("Benedict XIII"), Antipope (1394-1417)-->Baldassare Cossa ("John XXIII"), Antipope (1400-1415)-->
Innocent VII (1404-06)
Gregory XII (1406-15) Pietro Philarghi ("Alexander V"), Antipope (1409-1410)-->
Martin V (1417-31)
Eugene IV (1431-47) Amadeus of Savoy ("Felix V"), Antipope (1439-1449)-->
Nicholas V (1447-55)
Callistus III (1455-58)
Pius II (1458-64)
Paul II (1464-71)
Sixtus IV (1471-84)
Innocent VIII (1484-92)
Alexander VI (1492-1503)
Pius III (1503)
Julius II (1503-13)
Leo X (1513-21)
Adrian VI (1522-23)
Clement VII (1523-34)
Paul III (1534-49)
Julius III (1550-55)
Marcellus II (1555)
Paul IV (1555-59)
Pius IV (1559-65)
St. Pius V (1566-72)
Gregory XIII (1572-85)
Sixtus V (1585-90)
Urban VII (1590)
Gregory XIV (1590-91)
Innocent IX (1591)
Clement VIII (1592-1605)
Leo XI (1605)
Paul V (1605-21)
Gregory XV (1621-23)
Urban VIII (1623-44)
Innocent X (1644-55)
Alexander VII (1655-67)
Clement IX (1667-69)
Clement X (1670-76)
Blessed Innocent XI (1676-89)
Alexander VIII (1689-91)
Innocent XII (1691-1700)
Clement XI (1700-21)
Innocent XIII (1721-24)
Benedict XIII (1724-30)
Clement XII (1730-40)
Benedict XIV (1740-58)
Clement XIII (1758-69)
Clement XIV (1769-74)
Pius VI (1775-99)
Pius VII (1800-23)
Leo XII (1823-29)
Pius VIII (1829-30)
Gregory XVI (1831-46)
Blessed Pius IX (1846-78)
Leo XIII (1878-1903)
St. Pius X (1903-14)
Benedict XV (1914-22)
Pius XI (1922-39)
Pius XII (1939-58)
Blessed John XXIII (1958-63)
Paul VI (1963-78)
John Paul I (1978)
John Paul II (1978-2005)
Benedict XVI (2005—) -->

The last married Roman Catholic Pope was Adrian II (867 - 872). He refuses to adopt celibacy upon ascending to tha papal throne

Manuel Colayco

1. Manuel Colayco was the first casualty of the Battle for Manila on Feb 3 - March 3, 1945.

Manuel Colayco was also the first Editor In Chief of The Guidon, The official news paper of Ateneo De Manila University.

Tuesday, April 19, 2005

Philippine Trivia (2)

  • The Tagalog dialect has about 5,000 Spanish loan words; 1,500 Chinese words; 400 Sanskrit words; and 100 Mexican words.

Buwisit (Unlucky) is Chinese in origin, asawa (spouse) is Indian, bayabas (guava) is Mexican and bukas (tomorrow) is Arabic.{Written Aug 15 99} The Filipino name Leila is Arabic in origin.

  • The USA bought the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam from Spain in 1898. The bloody Philippine-American Independence War from 1899 to 1902 ensued, killing 4,000 Americans and how many Filipinos? About 16,000 were killed in action and 200,000 civilians died from famine and pestilence. It was the deadliest war against Filipinos.

  • During the American occupation of the Philippines, the only Filipino general who refused to take the Oath of Allegiance to the US was Artemio Ricarte of Batac, Ilocos Norte.

  • In 1990, Stanley Karnow won the Pulitzer Prize in history for his book In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines.

Monday, April 18, 2005

A long time ago on a galaxy far,far away (Star Wars Trivia Part 1)

1. This blockbuster sci-fi series from George Lucas features characters like Luke Skywalker, Han Solo, Princess Leia, Yoda, Darth Vader, Obi-Wan Kenobi, Queen Amidala, and Anakin Skywalker. 'Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope' (1977) won six Oscars. 'Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back' (1980) won an Oscar for Best Sound. 'Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi' (1983) won a People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture. 'Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace' (1999) won an MTV Movie Award for Best Action Sequence. 'Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones' (2002) won an MTV Movie Award for Best Fight between Yoda and Christopher Lee. 'Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith' (2005) starred Hayden Christensen, Ewan McGregor, and Natalie Portman.

2. Carrie Fisher considered losing weight for the role of Princess Leia, but she and George Lucas decided against it.

3. William Katt (star of "The Greatest American Hero" (1981)) auditioned for the role of Luke Skywalker.

4. Toshir├┤ Mifune' , a Japanese actor was the guy Lucas was thinking when he made the Obi-Wan character.

5. At one point, George Lucas had planned the character of Han Solo to be a huge green-skinned monster with no nose and gills.

6. George Lucas had not originally intended to use Anthony Daniels's voice for the voice of C-3PO. He only changed his mind after a suggestion by Stan Freberg, one of the actors considered for Anthony Daniels's replacement. Anthony Daniels's voice was altered in post-production.

7. According to an interview with George Lucas, originally Luke was a girl, Han Solo was an Alien, the wookiees were called Jawas, and R2-D2 and C-3PO were called A-2 and C-3.

8. Chewbacca was modeled after George Lucas's dog, Indiana.

9. The Tatooine scenes were filmed in Tunisia. There is a town in Tunisia called "Tatahouine". Some of the interiors of Luke's house were filmed in a hotel in Tunisia, but the exterior is an actual home in the village of Matmata, where caves and craters have been inhabited for a long time.

10. George Lucas first made Tatooine a jungle planet and was considering Philippines to be the site. Unfortunately, mosquitos changed the plans.

11. Grand Moff Tarkin whole name is Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin. He came from the planet Eriadu.

12. Han Solo's blaster was manufactured from a "Broomhandle" Mauser Pistol.

13. The code of the Jedi

There is no emotion, there is peace. There is no ignorance, there is
There is no passion, there is serenity. There is no chaos, there
is harmony.
There is no death, there is the Force.
—The Jedi Code (Based on
the meditations
of Odan-Urr)

Star Wars Bloopers

  1. SCENE: Artoo Detoo is watching Threepio and Chewie play Holo-Chess on the Falcon. EVENT: The scene cuts to a close up of Artoo's head while the game progresses. Notice the background around him. It's not the interior of the Falcon, as it should be, but instead, it's the red and black computer panels found inside the Death Star's control room, where our heroes end up later on in the movie. Obviously either Lucas didn't have, or wasn't satisfied with the footage shot inside the falcon, and had to substitute with footage shot elsewhere.
  2. Just after Obi Wan kills the two aliens in the Cantina, there are two quick "reaction shots" from both ends of the bar. If you are quick, you can see that they are both shots of the same end of the bar with one shot flipped. You can see the same human with the light blue/dark blue suit on in both shots.
  3. When Darth Vader and Ben are fighting, Darth's chestplate is on backwards.
  4. In the scene where Luke and Leia are about to swing across the canyon inside the Death Star, Leia shoots one last time. She hits the stormtrooper on the left square in the chest. But it's the stormtrooper on the right that drops.
  5. In the scene at the end of the very first battle, where Imperial troops have just taken control of Princess Leia's rebel ship, Darth Vader breaks the neck of the rebel leader and tosses his body to the wall. The "dead" rebel puts up both of his hands to avoid slamming his face into the wall.
  6. In the first shot of the Millennium Falcon, the ship is missing its radar dish.
  7. When Obi Wan de-activates the Death Star's force field, there's a electronic gauge going down and a sign in clear English with the word POWER - as we've seen in shuttles and other places, they don't use English. The studio decided it was better to show "power" and "tractor beam" in English so that the audience would know what Obi-Wan was doing. The lettering we see in Jedi doesn't really affect the plot, so it doesn't need to be English. Still doesn't really fit though. This is fixed on the DVD.
  8. Just before Lord Vader appears the first time (on the boarded consular ship, through the breached door), there is a Stormtrooper checking another trooper lying dead on the floor (he's lifting the dead one's head). Then Vader enters, and the Stormtrooper quickly straightens up, dropping the head. The "dead" Stormtrooper, however, doesn't want to hurt himself any further, so he carefully lowers his head to the floor.
  9. After Luke gets pulled underwater in the trash compactor, he is shown with a piece of garbage on his forehead in one scene. In the next scene his forehead is clean, but in the following scene, the piece of garbage is back again.
  10. Moff Tarkin has fourteen little blocks of color that perhaps indicate rank, seven in two rows. The ones on the top are consistently blue, but at least once the ones on the bottom alternate from orange and red to just orange.

Fly High Pinoy!!!!

1. The first flight over Manila was in 1911 by an American, Bud Mars. The historic event captured on film by Albert Yearsley.

2. Philippine Airlines is Asia's first airline and indeed it is, its maiden voyage taking place on March 15, 1941, from Manila to Baguio in 45 minutes. The aircraft was a small twin-engine Beech 18 and it carried five passengers.

Pinoy Trivia 1

1. Cebu is the first Philippine City.

2. The Philippine Basketball Association is Asia's premier and the world's second oldest professional league.

3. The second oldest philippine printing press next to Manila can be found in Pila Laguna. The first book printed was named Vocabulario Delengua Tagala - the philippines first filipino - spanish dictionary which was printed in 1613, 25 years older than the first book printed in the United States.

4. The symbolic name for the Philippines, Juan dela Cruz, is not a Filipino invention? It was coined by R. McCulloch-Dick, a Scottish-born journalist working for the Manila Times in the early 1900s, after discovering it was the most common name in blotters

5.Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) Channel 3, the first television station in the country, went on the air in 1953.

6. The term Filipino originally referred exclusively to Spaniards and Spanish mestizos born in the Philippines. Espanoles-Filipinos -- children of Espana and Filipinas -- was how they specifically called themselves. Later the native upper class of indios ("uncivilized heathens" and Chinese mestizos, believing that education and wealth gave them the cloak of Spanish culture, also began calling themselves Filipinos.